Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Many snRNA genes contain binding sites for the ubiquitous transcription factor Oct-1. In vitro studies have shown that this factor potentiates binding of an essential transcription factor (PTF) to the proximal sequence element (PSE) of snRNA genes, and activates transcription. Using Gal4 fusion proteins, I show here that the POU-specific region of the DNA-binding domain of Oct-1 is sufficient both to potentiate PTF binding in vitro and to transactivate pol II- and pol III-dependent snRNA genes in vivo . A single amino acid change in this domain abrogates both activation and interaction with PTF. The N- and C-terminal regions of Oct-1 also activate transcription of both classes of snRNA genes. Wild-type levels of Pol II-dependent U2 expression require all activation domains, whereas efficient activation of the pol III-dependent 7SK and U6 genes is effected by the POU-specific domain alone. These results indicate that contacts between PTF and amino acids in the POU-specific domain of Oct-1 are critical for efficient transactivation of snRNA genes in vivo. The POU-specific domain of Oct-2A also activates these genes, but the N- and C-terminal domains are relatively inactive.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nucleic Acids Res

Publication Date

01/06/1997

Volume

25

Pages

2068 - 2076

Keywords

Binding Sites, DNA, DNA-Binding Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, HeLa Cells, Host Cell Factor C1, Humans, Octamer Transcription Factor-1, Octamer Transcription Factor-2, RNA Polymerase II, RNA Polymerase III, RNA, Small Nuclear, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Structure-Activity Relationship, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Transcriptional Activation