Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The T cell antigen receptor (TCR) and its ligand peptide-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are small (approximately 7 nm) compared with other abundant cell surface molecules such as integrins, CD43, and CD45 (23-50 nm). We have proposed that molecules at the T cell/antigen-presenting cell (APC) interface segregate according to size, with small "accessory" molecules (e.g., CD2, CD4, CD8, CD28, and CD154) contributing to the formation of a close-contact zone, within which the TCR engages peptide-MHC, and from which large molecules are excluded (Davis, S.J., and P.A. van der Merwe. 1996. Immunol. Today. 17:177-187). One prediction of this model is that increasing the size of these small accessory molecules will disrupt their function. Here, we test this prediction by varying the dimensions of the CD2 ligand, CD48, and examining how this affects T cell antigen recognition. Although the interaction of CD2 on T cells with wild-type or shortened forms of CD48 on APCs enhances T cell antigen recognition, the interaction of CD2 with elongated forms of CD48 is strongly inhibitory. Further experiments indicated that elongation of the CD2/CD48 complex inhibited TCR engagement of peptide-MHC, presumably by preventing the formation of sufficiently intimate contacts at the T cell/APC interface. These findings demonstrate the importance of small size in CD2/CD48 function, and support the hypothesis that T cell antigen recognition requires segregation of cell surface molecules according to size.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Exp Med

Publication Date

05/07/1999

Volume

190

Pages

31 - 41

Keywords

Animals, Antigen-Presenting Cells, Antigens, CD, Antigens, CD2, Blotting, Western, CD48 Antigen, CHO Cells, Cricetinae, Down-Regulation, Flow Cytometry, Ligands, Macromolecular Substances, Mice, Protein Binding, Rats, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell