Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Orb-weaving spiders build more or less planar webs in a complex, three dimensional environment. How do they achieve this? Do they explore all twigs and branches in their surroundings and store the information in some form of mental map? Or do they at first just build a cheap (i.e. few loops, possibly non-planar) web to test the site and - if this first web is successful (i.e. the web site is good) - later build subsequent improved and enlarged webs, by re-using some of the anchor points and moving other anchor points? The second hypothesis is supported by the fact that the garden cross spider Araneus diadematus CLERCK (Araneidae) usually builds several webs at the same site, re-using structural parts of one web for subsequent webs. To further test the second hypothesis, we measured and assessed the planarity of first and of subsequent webs built in the field and in the laboratory.


Journal article


Ekologia Bratislava

Publication Date





307 - 318