Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

As was originally proposed by Lissauer, visual recognition may break down either at an apperceptive or at an associative level. At an apperceptive level, finer grain distinctions may be made; the authors distinguished here between disorders of shape recognition and perceptual integration. It is not the case, however, that all patients with visual recognition deficits have impaired perception: poor recognition and naming may also result from damage to stored perceptual knowledge (e.g., structural descriptions), from problems in accessing semantic knowledge, from perceptual knowledge, or from impairments to semantic knowledge itself. These represent different types of associative deficit. In some cases, mild damage to stored perceptual knowledge also generates problems that are more severe on naming than on recognition and more severe for some categories of objects than others.

Original publication




Journal article


Neurol Clin

Publication Date





501 - 520


Adult, Agnosia, Form Perception, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Occipital Lobe, Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial, Temporal Lobe