Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Due to the large transmural variation in transmembrane potential following the application of strong electric shocks, it is thought that fluorescent photon scattering from depth plays a significant role in optical signal modulation at shock-end. For the first time, a model of photon scattering is used to accurately synthesize fluorescent signals over the irregular geometry of the rabbit ventricles following the application of such strong shocks. A bidomain representation of electrical activity is combined with finite element solutions to the photon diffusion equation, simulating both the excitation and emission processes, over an anatomically-based model of rabbit ventricular geometry and fiber orientation. Photon scattering from within a 3D volume beneath the epicardial optical recording site is shown to transduce differences in transmembrane potential within this volume through the myocardial wall. This leads directly to a significantly modulated optical signal response with respect to that predicted by the bidomain simulations, distorting epicardial virtual electrode polarization produced at shock-end. Furthermore, we show that this degree of distortion is very sensitive to the optical properties of the tissue, an important variable to consider during experimental mapping set-ups. These findings provide an essential first-step in aiding the interpretation of experimental optical mapping recordings following strong defibrillation shocks.

Original publication




Journal article


Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc

Publication Date





1556 - 1559


Action Potentials, Animals, Artifacts, Body Surface Potential Mapping, Computer Simulation, Electrodes, Heart Conduction System, Microscopy, Fluorescence, Models, Cardiovascular, Photons, Rabbits, Reproducibility of Results, Scattering, Radiation, Sensitivity and Specificity, Spectrometry, Fluorescence