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We have defined sequences in the 3' non-coding region of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe ura4 gene that are required for efficient mRNA 3' end formation. Three separate sequence elements have been identified. Two of these are site determining elements which specify alternative sites of polyadenylation [the major poly(A) site and a minor downstream poly(A) site]. The third sequence, located downstream of both poly(A) sites, functions as an efficiency element that enhances utilization of either polyadenylation site. By employing sensitive RT-PCR analysis, we demonstrate that although low levels of transcripts are detected up to the efficiency element, none is detected beyond this point. The downstream site determining element and efficiency element have both been delineated to specific 16 nt sequences which we show are together sufficient for ura4 mRNA 3' end formation. We have further characterized the interaction between these two elements and show that the efficiency element behaves in a position-independent, orientation-dependent manner, but cannot form 3' ends independently of the site determining element. Surprisingly, we find that the efficiency element can be functionally replaced by a second copy of either site determining element. We present a model for the mechanism of RNA 3' end formation of the ura4 gene and note that this bipartite structure for a poly(A) signal in S.pombe may be related to the AAUAAA and downstream GU-rich sequences of poly(A) signals in mammalian genes.

Type

Journal article

Journal

EMBO J

Publication Date

15/05/1994

Volume

13

Pages

2441 - 2451

Keywords

Base Sequence, DNA Mutational Analysis, Fungal Proteins, Genes, Fungal, Models, Genetic, Molecular Sequence Data, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Polynucleotide Adenylyltransferase, RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional, RNA, Messenger, Schizosaccharomyces, Sequence Deletion, Terminator Regions, Genetic, Transcription, Genetic