Selective loss of P2Y2 nucleotide receptor immunoreactivity is associated with Alzheimer's disease neuropathology.
Lai MK., Tan MG., Kirvell S., Hobbs C., Lee J., Esiri MM., Chen CP., Francis PT.
The uridine nucleotide-activated P2Y2, P2Y4 and P2Y6 receptors are widely expressed in the brain and are involved in many CNS processes, including those which malfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the status of these receptors in the AD neocortex, as well as their putative roles in the pathogenesis of neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, remain unclear. In this study, we used immunoblotting to measure P2Y2, P2Y4 and P2Y6 receptors in two regions of the postmortem neocortex of neuropathologically assessed AD patients and aged controls. P2Y2 immunoreactivity was found to be selectively reduced in the AD parietal cortex, while P2Y4 and P2Y6 levels were unchanged. In contrast, all three receptors were preserved in the occipital cortex, which is known to be minimally affected by AD neuropathology. Furthermore, reductions in parietal P2Y2 immunoreactivity correlated both with neuropathologic scores and markers of synapse loss. These results provide a basis for considering P2Y2 receptor changes as a neurochemical substrate of AD, and point towards uridine nucleotide-activated P2Y receptors as novel targets for disease-modifying AD pharmacotherapeutic strategies.