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PURPOSE: To evaluate the indications, postoperative visual efficacy, and complication rate after intraocular implantation of an iris-claw aphakic intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: This chart review comprised eyes with no capsule support that had anterior iris-fixation IOL implantation for aphakia between 2001 and 2009. RESULTS: The study comprised 116 eyes (104 patients). Iris-claw IOLs were inserted during primary lens surgery in 18 eyes (15.5%), during an IOL exchange procedure for dislocated posterior chamber IOLs in 19 eyes (16.4%), and as a secondary procedure in 79 eyes (68.1%). The mean follow-up was 22.4 months (range 3 to 79 months). The final corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 6/12 or better in 68.9% of all eyes and in 47 of 53 eyes (88.7%) with no preoperative comorbidity. Complications included wound leak requiring resuturing in 2.6% of eyes, postoperative intraocular pressure rise in 9.5% of eyes (glaucoma escalation 0.8%), and cystoid macular edema in 7.7% of eyes (0.8% chronic). Iris-claw IOL subluxation occurred in 6.0% of eyes from 5 days to 60 months postoperatively; all the IOLs were repositioned. Corneal decompensation occurred in 1.7% of eyes; 0.8% had retinal detachments. CONCLUSIONS: Iris-claw IOL implantation for aphakia gave a good visual outcome and can be used for a wide range of indications. Postoperative complication rates were comparable to, if not better than, those with conventional anterior chamber IOLs. Correct implantation technique is critical in avoiding postoperative IOL subluxation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jcrs.2011.03.051

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Cataract Refract Surg

Publication Date

09/2011

Volume

37

Pages

1667 - 1672

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Aphakia, Postcataract, Follow-Up Studies, Glucocorticoids, Humans, Iris, Keratoplasty, Penetrating, Lens Capsule, Crystalline, Lens Implantation, Intraocular, Lenses, Intraocular, Middle Aged, Postoperative Complications, Prosthesis Design, Retrospective Studies, Vision Disorders, Visual Acuity, Vitrectomy, Young Adult