Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Antibodies to acetylcholine receptor (AChR) are found in 85% of patients with myasthenia gravis (seropositive MG [SPMG]) and are thought to be pathogenic; but in 15% of MG patients, the standard immunoprecipitation test for anti-AChR is negative (seronegative MG [SNMG]). Here, we used a novel approach, fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, to measure binding of SPMG and SNMG IgG antibodies to rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines that express human adult (TE671-epsilon) or fetal (TE671-gamma) AChR, and to human embryonic kidney (HEK) fibroblasts that express adult human AChR (HEK-AChR). We found that whereas most SPMG antibodies bind to all three cell lines, IgG from 8 of 15 SNMG sera/plasmas bind to the surface of both TE671 cell lines but not to HEK-AChR cells. These results indicate that SNMG antibodies bind to a muscle surface antigen that is not the AChR, which strongly supports previous studies that suggest that SNMG should be considered a distinct subtype of MG.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ann Neurol

Publication Date

04/2000

Volume

47

Pages

504 - 510

Keywords

Adult, Antibody Specificity, Autoantibodies, Fetus, Flow Cytometry, Humans, Immunoglobulin G, Kidney, Muscle Neoplasms, Myasthenia Gravis, Receptors, Cholinergic, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal, Transfection, Tumor Cells, Cultured