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The predisposition for scleroderma, defined as fibrosis and hardening of the skin, is poorly understood. We report that stiff skin syndrome (SSS), an autosomal dominant congenital form of scleroderma, is caused by mutations in the sole Arg-Gly-Asp sequence-encoding domain of fibrillin-1 that mediates integrin binding. Ordered polymers of fibrillin-1 (termed microfibrils) initiate elastic fiber assembly and bind to and regulate the activation of the profibrotic cytokine transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta). Altered cell-matrix interactions in SSS accompany excessive microfibrillar deposition, impaired elastogenesis, and increased TGFbeta concentration and signaling in the dermis. The observation of similar findings in systemic sclerosis, a more common acquired form of scleroderma, suggests broad pathogenic relevance.

Original publication

DOI

10.1126/scitranslmed.3000488

Type

Journal article

Journal

Sci Transl Med

Publication Date

17/03/2010

Volume

2

Keywords

Biopsy, Cell Adhesion, Cell Movement, Collagen, DNA Mutational Analysis, Elastin, Extracellular Matrix, Family, Female, Fibrillin-1, Fibrillins, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Male, Mesoderm, Microfibrils, Microfilament Proteins, Mutation, Pedigree, Phenotype, Scleroderma, Systemic, Signal Transduction, Skin, Syndrome, Transforming Growth Factor beta