Molecular basis of the allosteric mechanism of cAMP in the regulatory PKA subunit.
Pantano S., Zaccolo M., Carloni P.
The second messenger cyclic Adenosine MonoPosphate (cAMP) mediates many biological process by interacting with structurally conserved nucleotide binding domains (cNBD's). Here, we use molecular dynamics simulations on RIIbeta-PKA, one of the best characterized members of the cNBD family, in presence and absence of cAMP. The results of our calculations are fully consistent with the available experimental data and suggest that the key factor of the cAMP allosteric mechanism in cNBDS's is the increased flexibility of the protein upon ligand release along with a mechanical coupling between helical segments. In addition, our calculations provide a rationale for the experimentally observed cAMP selective binding to PKA.