CD45 ectodomain controls interaction with GEMs and Lck activity for optimal TCR signaling.
Irles C., Symons A., Michel F., Bakker TR., van der Merwe PA., Acuto O.
The transmembrane phosphatase CD45 regulates both Lck activity and T cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Here we have tested whether the large ectodomain of CD45 has a role in this regulation. A CD45 chimera containing the large ectodomain of CD43 efficiently rescues TCR signaling in CD45-null T cells, whereas CD45 chimeras containing small ectodomains from other phosphatases do not. Both basal Lck activity in unstimulated cells and the TCR-induced increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of the TCR zeta-chain and in Lck activity depend on the expression of CD45 with a large ectodomain. Unlike CD45 chimeras containing small ectodomains, both the CD45 chimera with a large ectodomain and wild-type CD45 itself are partially localized to glycosphingolipid-enriched membranes (GEMs). Taken together, these data show that the large CD45 ectodomain is required for optimal TCR signaling.