Transgenic control of vectors: The effects of interspecific interactions
Bonsall MB., Yakob L., Alphey N., Alpheyd L.
The control of insect vectors through conventional sterile insect or transgenic technologies (e.g., RIDL®) is an intense focus of research in the combat against vector-borne disease. While the population dynamic implications of these control strategies are reasonably well-established, the effects of interspecific competition between different vectors and control strategies have not previously been explored. Different control intervention methods can affect the interaction and potential coexistence of vector species. By altering the shape of the zero net growth isoclines, conventional and transgenic control can affect patterns of vector coexistence and/or exclusion through Allee effects and transient dynamics. Further, transgenic control methods can mediate coexistence between target and non-target species and this can have important consequences for the persistence of disease and community ecological interactions.