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BACKGROUND: Cdc23/Mcm10 is required for the initiation and elongation steps of DNA replication but its biochemical function is unclear. Here, we probe its function using a novel approach in fission yeast, involving Cdc23 cleavage by the TEV protease. RESULTS: Insertion of a TEV protease cleavage site into Cdc23 allows in vivo removal of the C-terminal 170 aa of the protein by TEV protease induction, resulting in an S phase arrest. This C-terminal fragment of Cdc23 is not retained in the nucleus after cleavage, showing that it lacks a nuclear localization signal and ability to bind to chromatin. Using an in situ chromatin binding procedure we have determined how the S phase chromatin association of DNA polymerase alpha-primase and the GINS (Sld5-Psf1-Psf2-Psf3) complex is affected by Cdc23 inactivation. The chromatin binding and sub-nuclear distribution of DNA primase catalytic subunit (Spp1) is affected by Cdc23 cleavage and also by inactivation of Cdc23 using a degron allele, implying that DNA polymerase alpha-primase function is dependent on Cdc23. In contrast to the effect on Spp1, the chromatin association of the Psf2 subunit of the GINS complex is not affected by Cdc23 inactivation. CONCLUSION: An important function of Cdc23 in the elongation step of DNA replication may be to assist in the docking of DNA polymerase alpha-primase to chromatin.

Original publication

DOI

10.1186/1471-2199-6-13

Type

Journal article

Journal

BMC Mol Biol

Publication Date

07/06/2005

Volume

6

Keywords

Anaphase-Promoting Complex-Cyclosome, Apc8 Subunit, Anaphase-Promoting Complex-Cyclosome, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cell Nucleus, Chromatin, DNA Polymerase I, DNA Primase, DNA Replication, Endopeptidases, Humans, Multiprotein Complexes, Nuclear Localization Signals, Protein Subunits, S Phase, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Schizosaccharomyces, Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes