Human natural killer cells analyzed by B73.1, a monoclonal antibody blocking Fc receptor functions. II. Studies of B73.1 antibody-antigen interaction on the lymphocyte membrane.
Perussia B., Acuto O., Terhorst C., Faust J., Lazarus R., Fanning V., Trinchieri G.
In this paper, we characterize the antigen recognized by the monoclonal antibody B73.1 and the modification occurring at the membrane of the positive cells after interaction with the antibody. The B73.1-defined antigen is a protein of 50,000 to 72,000 daltons that is sensitive to pronase but not to trypsin treatment. B73.1 antibody, and its F(ab')2 fragment, directly block, at high concentrations, the binding of IgG antibody-sensitized erythrocytes to the Fc receptors (FcR) of a subpopulation of lymphocytes and neutrophils. B73.1 antibody dissociates rapidly from the positive cells, but concomitant modulation of both B73.1 antigen and FcR is induced when cells are incubated in the continuous presence of antibody or when B73.1 antibody is cross-linked at the cell membrane with an anti-mouse immunoglobulin antiserum. Reaction of lymphocytes with immune complexes also induces modulation of both FcR and B73.1 antigen, without affecting the expression of other antigens on the positive cells. The possibility that the antigen is internalized and digested by the cell after reaction with the antibody is discussed. B73.1 antibody inhibits antibody-dependent cytotoxicity mediated by lymphocytes (K cells) and neutrophils, whereas it does not affect spontaneous cytotoxicity of NK cells. These results suggest the B73.1-defined antigen might be the FcR or a structure closely related to it on K/NK cells.