The hydration of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in aqueous solution.
Hulme EC., Soper AK., McLain SE., Finney JL.
Neutron diffraction augmented with hydrogen isotope substitution has been used to examine the water structure around the acetylcholine molecular ion in aqueous solution. It is shown that the nearest-neighbor water molecules in the region around the trimethylammonium headgroup are located either in a ring around the central nitrogen atom or between the carbon atoms, forming a sheath around the onium group. Moreover the water molecules in this cavity do not bond to the onium group but rather form hydrogen bonds with water molecules in the surrounding aqueous environment. Given that in the bound state the onium headgroup must be completely desolvated, the absence of bonding between the onium headgroup and the surrounding water solvent may be selectively favorable to acetylcholine-binding in the receptor site. Away from the headgroup, pronounced hydrogen-bonding of water to the carbonyl oxygen is observed, but not to the ether oxygen in the acetylcholine chain.