On the structure of liquid antimony pentafluoride
McLain SE., Soper AK., Molaison JJ., Benmore CJ., Dolgos MR., Yarger JL., Turner JFC.
The liquid structure of antimony pentafluoride at room temperature has been investigated using neutron and high-energy X-ray diffraction and subsequently modelled using Empirical Potential structure refinement. The neutron diffraction measurements show that each antimony centre is surrounded by 6 fluorine atoms; four at a non-bridging distance of 1.86 ± 0.03 Å and two bridging fluorines at a distance of 2.03 ± 0.06 Å. The X-ray data show an additional peak at 3.93 ± 0.03 Å attributed to antimony-antimony contacts. The diffraction data were fit to three models; cis-monomer, isolated tetramer and cis-linked chains. The X-ray data rule out the cis-monomer model but good fits are obtained for the isolated tetramer and cis-linked chain models. It is argued that the liquid is comprised of chains of cis-linked tetrameric building blocks when these data and modelling results are considered in light of NMR measurements. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.