Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

In order to determine the role of different T lymphocyte subsets in the pathogenesis of low-dose streptozotocin (LD-Sz) induced diabetes, we treated mice with Sz together with repeated injections of rat monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) with specificity towards the mouse T cell differentiation markers L3T4 ('helper/inducer' T cells and some macrophages), Lyt-2 ('cytotoxic/suppressor' T cells and NK cells) and Thy-1 (pan T lymphocytes). Treatment depleted target cells in peripheral blood and spleen; decreased the ability of spleen cells to respond to mitogens; and, in the case of depletion of the L3T4 T cell subset, prevented a humoral immune response to SRBC. Treatment with MoAb against either of the two T cell subtypes could protect from hyperglycaemia and loss of body weight, suggesting that both T cell subsets were implicated in the development of LD-Sz induced diabetes. Immunocytochemical analysis of pancreatic sections showed that both L3T4+ and Lyt-2+ cells participated in islet infiltration together with macrophages. Treatment with MoAb markedly reduced islet infiltration by both L3T4+ and Lyt-2+ cells but not by macrophages. The suppressive effect of MoAb against either L3T4 or Lyt-2 on diabetes development suggests that the pathomechanism involved is different from that in experimental autoimmune neuritis and adjuvant arthritis where Lyt-2 cells are not involved.


Journal article


Clin Exp Immunol

Publication Date





585 - 592


Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental, Immunosuppression, Islets of Langerhans, Isoantibodies, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Streptozocin, T-Lymphocytes