Activation of AP-1-dependent transcription by a truncated translation initiation factor.
Jenkins CCL., Mata J., Crane RF., Thomas B., Akoulitchev A., Bähler J., Norbury CJ.
Int6/eIF3e is a highly conserved subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) that has also been reported to interact with subunits of the proteasome and the COP9 signalosome. Overexpression of full-length Int6 or a 13-kDa C-terminal fragment, Int6CT, in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe causes multidrug resistance that requires the otherwise inessential AP-1 transcription factor Pap1. Here we show for the first time that Int6CT acts to increase the transcriptional activity of Pap1. Microarray hybridization data indicate that Int6CT overexpression resulted in the up-regulation of 67 genes; this expression profile closely matched that of cells overexpressing Pap1. Analysis of the upstream regulatory sequences of these genes showed that the majority contained AP-1 consensus binding sites. Partial defects in ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis have been suggested to confer Pap1-dependent multidrug resistance, but no such defect was seen on Int6CT overexpression. Indeed, none of the previously identified interactions of endogenous Int6 was required for the activation of Pap1 transcription described here. Moreover, Int6CT-induced activation of Pap1-responsive gene expression was independent of the ability of Pap1 to undergo a redox-regulated conformational change which mediates its relocalization to the nucleus and expression of oxidative stress response genes. Int6CT therefore activates Pap1-dependent transcription by a novel mechanism.