Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Sheep anterior-pituitary cells permeabilized with Staphylococcus aureus alpha-toxin were used to investigate the role of cyclic AMP (cAMP) in exocytosis of luteinizing hormone (lutropin, LH) under conditions where the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]free) is clamped by Ca2+ buffers. At resting [Ca2+]free (pCa 7), cAMP rapidly stimulated LH exocytosis (within 5 min) and continued to stimulate exocytosis for at least 30 min. When cAMP breakdown was inhibited by 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), the concentration giving half-maximal response (EC50) for cAMP-stimulated exocytosis was 10 microM. cAMP-stimulated exocytosis required millimolar concentrations of MgATP, as has been found with Ca2(+)- and phorbol-ester-stimulated LH exocytosis. cAMP caused a modest enhancement of Ca2(+)-stimulated LH exocytosis by decreasing in the EC50 for Ca2+ from pCa 5.6 to pCa 5.9, but had little effect on the maximal LH response to Ca2+. Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) dramatically enhanced cAMP-stimulated LH exocytosis by both increasing the maximal effect 5-7-fold and decreasing the EC50 for cAMP to 3 microM. This synergism between cAMP and PMA was further augmented by increasing the [Ca2+]free. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (gonadoliberin, GnRH) stimulated cAMP production in intact pituitary cells. Since GnRH stimulation is reported to activate PKC and increase the intracellular [Ca2+]free, our results suggest that a synergistic interaction of the cAMP, PKC and Ca2+ second-messenger systems is of importance in the mechanism of GnRH-stimulated LH exocytosis.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochem J

Publication Date

01/11/1990

Volume

271

Pages

635 - 639

Keywords

1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine, Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Calcium, Cell Membrane Permeability, Cyclic AMP, Drug Synergism, Exocytosis, Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone, Intracellular Fluid, Luteinizing Hormone, Pituitary Gland, Anterior, Protein Kinase C, Sheep, Stimulation, Chemical, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate