Cognitive therapy versus fluoxetine in generalized social phobia: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.
Clark DM., Ehlers A., McManus F., Hackmann A., Fennell M., Campbell H., Flower T., Davenport C., Louis B.
Sixty patients meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.: American Psychiatric Association, 1994) criteria for generalized social phobia were assigned to cognitive therapy (CT), fluoxetine plus self-exposure (FLU + SE), or placebo plus self-exposure (PLA + SE). At posttreatment (16 weeks), the medication blind was broken. CT and FLU + SE patients then entered a 3-month booster phase. Assessments were at pretreatment, midtreatment, posttreatment, end of booster phase, and 12-month follow-up. Significant improvements were observed on most measures in all 3 treatments. On measures of social phobia, CT was superior to FLU + SE and PLA + SE at midtreatment and at posttreatment. FLU + SE and PLA + SE did not differ. CT remained superior to FLU + SE at the end of the booster period and at 12-month follow-up. On general mood measures, there were few differences between the treatments