Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Chemerin is a chemotactic protein that binds to the G protein-coupled receptor, ChemR23. We demonstrate that murine chemerin possesses potent antiinflammatory properties that are absolutely dependent on proteolytic processing. A series of peptides was designed, and only those identical to specific C-terminal chemerin sequences exerted antiinflammatory effects at picomolar concentrations in vitro. One of these, chemerin15 (C15; A(140)-A(154)), inhibited macrophage (MPhi) activation to a similar extent as proteolyzed chemerin, but exhibited reduced activity as a MPhi chemoattractant. Intraperitoneal administration of C15 (0.32 ng/kg) to mice before zymosan challenge conferred significant protection against zymosan-induced peritonitis, suppressing neutrophil (63%) and monocyte (62%) recruitment with a concomitant reduction in proinflammatory mediator expression. Importantly, C15 was unable to ameliorate zymosan-induced peritonitis in ChemR23(-/-) mice, demonstrating that C15's antiinflammatory effects are entirely ChemR23 dependent. In addition, administration of neutralizing anti-chemerin antibody before zymosan challenge resulted in a significant exacerbation of peritoneal inflammation (up to 170%), suggesting an important endogenous antiinflammatory role for chemerin-derived species. Collectively, these results show that chemerin-derived peptides may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases through ChemR23.

Original publication

DOI

10.1084/jem.20071601

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Exp Med

Publication Date

14/04/2008

Volume

205

Pages

767 - 775

Keywords

Animals, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Antibodies, Chemokines, Chemotactic Factors, Chemotaxis, Inflammation, Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Macrophage Activation, Macrophages, Peritoneal, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Neutralization Tests, Peptides, Peritonitis, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled, Zymosan