Distinct effects of AMPAR subunit depletion on spatial memory.
Eltokhi A., Bertocchi I., Rozov A., Jensen V., Borchardt T., Taylor A., Proenca CC., Rawlins JNP., Bannerman DM., Sprengel R.
Pharmacological studies established a role for AMPARs in the mammalian forebrain in spatial memory performance. Here we generated global GluA1/3 double knockout mice (Gria1/3-/-) and conditional knockouts lacking GluA1 and GluA3 AMPAR subunits specifically from principal cells across the forebrain (Gria1/3ΔFb). In both models, loss of GluA1 and GluA3 resulted in reduced hippocampal GluA2 and increased levels of the NMDAR subunit GluN2A. Electrically-evoked AMPAR-mediated EPSPs were greatly diminished, and there was an absence of tetanus-induced LTP. Gria1/3-/- mice showed premature mortality. Gria1/3ΔFb mice were viable, and their memory performance could be analyzed. In the Morris water maze (MWM), Gria1/3ΔFb mice showed profound long-term memory deficits, in marked contrast to the normal MWM learning previously seen in single Gria1-/- and Gria3-/- knockout mice. Our results suggest a redundancy of function within the pool of available ionotropic glutamate receptors for long-term spatial memory performance.