Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Choroideremia is an X-linked retinal degeneration resulting from the progressive, centripetal loss of photoreceptors and choriocapillaris, secondary to the degeneration of the retinal pigment epithelium. Affected individuals present in late childhood or early teenage years with nyctalopia and progressive peripheral visual loss. Typically, by the fourth decade, the macula and fovea also degenerate, resulting in advanced sight loss. Currently, there are no approved treatments for this condition. Gene therapy offers the most promising therapeutic modality for halting or regressing functional loss. The aims of the current review are to highlight the lessons learnt from clinical trials in choroideremia, review endpoints, and propose a future strategy for clinical trials.

Original publication




Journal article


Int J Mol Sci

Publication Date





AAV, CHM gene, REP1, antisense oligonucleotides, choroideremia, clinical trials, endpoints, gene therapy, nonsense suppression therapy, outcome measures