Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

One therapeutic use for monoclonal antibody technology is the elimination of categories of unwanted cells by virtue of their distinct cell surface antigens. The efficiency of cell destruction by complement lysis or opsonization depends on a number of factors such as antibody specificity and isotype as well as certain properties of the target antigen. In some instances cells can escape destruction by redistributing and eventually losing the antigen-antibody complexes from their surface. This process, known as antigenic modulation, generally depends on bivalent antibody binding. Starting from the observation that rabbit antisera can be made more effective at killing tumour cells if they are first rendered univalent by limited proteolysis, we have now prepared a number of monovalent rat monoclonal antibodies to human cell-surface antigens. We find that these antibodies are no longer able to bring about modulation of their target antigens and have an enhanced facility for lysis with human complement. These special properties should greatly increase the therapeutic potential of monoclonal antibodies.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nature

Publication Date

29/03/1984

Volume

308

Pages

460 - 462

Keywords

Agglutination, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antigen-Antibody Complex, Antigens, Surface, Cell Line, Cytotoxicity, Immunologic, Humans, Hybridomas, Immunotherapy, Lymphocytes, Plasmacytoma, Rats, T-Lymphocytes