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Three patients with spasmodic torticollis (ST) obtained substantial benefit from bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) stimulation. Progressive improvement in ST occurred over several months but residual cervical dystonia remained. These results corroborate those obtained by Krauss et al. on three patients with ST.


Journal article


Mov Disord

Publication Date





489 - 493


Adult, Electric Stimulation Therapy, Electrodes, Implanted, Female, Functional Laterality, Globus Pallidus, Humans, Middle Aged, Remission Induction, Torticollis, Videotape Recording