Tyrosine depletion attenuates the behavioural stimulant effects of amphetamine and cocaine in rats.
McTavish SF., Raumann B., Cowen PJ., Sharp T.
Neurochemical studies show that a tyrosine-free amino acid mixture depletes brain tyrosine and decreases dopamine synthesis and release. Here, we tested whether such a mixture would reduce the behavioural effects of amphetamine and other psychostimulants. A tyrosine-free amino acid mixture decreased the behavioural activation induced by both D-amphetamine (2 mg/kg s.c.) and cocaine (2 mg/kg s.c.). In contrast, the activation induced by the dopamine agonist, apomorphine (0.75 and 5 mg/kg s.c.), or the 5-hydroxytryptamine releasing agent, p-chloroamphetamine (2 mg/kg s.c.) was not altered. These findings provide behavioural evidence that tyrosine-free amino acid mixtures reduce presynaptic dopamine function in the brain.