Identifying and searching for conserved RNA localisation signals.
Hamilton RS., Davis I.
RNA localisation is an important mode of delivering proteins to their site of function. Cis-acting signals within the RNAs, which can be thought of as zip-codes, determine the site of localisation. There are few examples of fully characterised RNA signals, but the signals are thought to be defined through a combination of primary, secondary, and tertiary structures. In this chapter, we describe a selection of computational methods for predicting RNA secondary structure, identifying localisation signals, and searching for similar localisation signals on a genome-wide scale. The chapter is aimed at the biologist rather than presenting the details of each of the individual methods.