Computationally efficient neural network classifiers for next generation closed loop neuromodulation therapy - a case study in epilepsy.
Kavoosi A., Toth R., Benjaber M., Zamora M., Valentin A., Sharott A., Denison T.
This work explores the potential utility of neural network classifiers for real- time classification of field-potential based biomarkers in next-generation responsive neuromodulation systems. Compared to classical filter-based classifiers, neural networks offer an ease of patient-specific parameter tuning, promising to reduce the burden of programming on clinicians. The paper explores a compact, feed - forward neural network architecture of only dozens of units for seizure-state classification in refractory epilepsy. The proposed classifier offers comparable accuracy to filter- classifiers on clinician-labeled data, while reducing detection latency. As a trade-off to classical methods, the paper focuses on keeping the complexity of the architecture minimal, to accommodate the on-board computational constraints of implantable pulse generator systems. Clinical relevance-A neural network-based classifier is presented for responsive neurostimulation, with comparable accuracy to classical methods at reduced latency.