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OBJECTIVE: Patients with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-IgG)-associated disease (MOGAD) suffer from severe optic neuritis (ON) leading to retinal neuro-axonal loss, which can be quantified by optical coherence tomography (OCT). We assessed whether ON-independent retinal atrophy can be detected in MOGAD. METHODS: Eighty patients with MOGAD and 139 healthy controls (HCs) were included. OCT data was acquired with (1) Spectralis spectral domain OCT (MOGAD: N = 66 and HCs: N = 103) and (2) Cirrus high-definition OCT (MOGAD: N = 14 and HCs: N = 36). Macular combined ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) were quantified. RESULTS: At baseline, GCIPL and pRNFL were lower in MOGAD eyes with a history of ON (MOGAD-ON) compared with MOGAD eyes without a history of ON (MOGAD-NON) and HCs (p 

Original publication




Journal article


Ann Neurol

Publication Date





476 - 485


Case-Control Studies, Cohort Studies, Humans, Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes, Longitudinal Studies, Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein, Optic Neuritis, Retina, Retinal Degeneration, Retinal Neurons, Tomography, Optical Coherence