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Fertilization is a key event for sexually reproducing plants. Pollen-stigma adhesion, which is the first step in male-female interaction during fertilization, requires proper pollen wall patterning. Callose, which is a β-1.3-glucan, is an essential polysaccharide that is required for pollen development and pollen wall formation. Mutations in CALLOSE SYNTHASE 5 (CalS5) disrupt male meiotic callose accumulation; however, how CalS5 activity and callose synthesis are regulated is not fully understood. In this paper, we report the isolation of a kompeito-1 (kom-1) mutant defective in pollen wall patterning and pollen-stigma adhesion in Arabidopsis thaliana. Callose was not accumulated in kom-1 meiocytes or microspores, which was very similar to the cals5 mutant. The KOM gene encoded a member of a subclass of Rhomboid serine protease proteins that lacked active site residues. KOM was localized to the Golgi apparatus, and both KOM and CalS5 genes were highly expressed in meiocytes. A 220 kDa CalS5 protein was detected in wild-type (Col-0) floral buds but was dramatically reduced in kom-1. These results suggested that KOM was required for CalS5 protein accumulation, leading to the regulation of meiocyte-specific callose accumulation and pollen wall formation.

Original publication




Journal article


Int J Mol Sci

Publication Date





Arabidopsis, Rhomboid, callose, exine, meiosis, pollen development, Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Plant, Glucans, Mutation, Pollen