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Patients undergoing mechanical lung ventilation are at risk of lung injury. A noninvasive bedside lung monitor may benefit these patients. The Inspired Sinewave Test (IST) can measure cardio-pulmonary parameters noninvasively. We propose a lung simulation to improve the measurement of pulmonary blood flow using IST. The new method was applied to 12 pigs' data before lung injury (control) and after lung injury (ARDS model). Results using the lung simulation shown improvements in correlation in both simulated data (R2 increased from 0.98 to 1) and pigs' data (R2 increased from <0.001 to 0.26). Paired blood flow measurements were performed by both the IST (noninvasive) and thermodilution (invasive). In the control group, the bias of the two methods was negligible (0.02L/min), and the limit of agreement was from -1.20 to 1.18 L/min. The bias was -0.68 L/min in the ARDS group and with a broader limit of agreement (-2.49 to 1.13 L/min).Clinical Relevance- the inspired sinewave test can be used to measure cardiac output noninvasively in mechanically ventilated subjects with and without acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Original publication




Journal article


Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc

Publication Date





76 - 79