Bilaterally coherent tremor resembling enhanced physiological tremor: report of three cases.
O'Sullivan JD., Rothwell J., Lees AJ., Brown P.
The contribution of the central nervous system to tremor pathogenesis is unclear. Poor side-to-side coherence in physiological, essential, and parkinsonian tremors suggests distinct bilateral generators. By contrast, significant bilateral coherence demonstrated in orthostatic tremor and in enhanced physiological tremor (EPT) in patients with persistent mirror movements favours single or closely linked bilateral oscillators. We describe three patients (aged 21-37 years) who developed unusual bilateral postural and kinetic tremors at 6-13 Hz resembling EPT. The tremor involved all limbs, and in two cases the face or jaw, in the absence of other significant neurological features. Significant side-to-side coherence was demonstrated in each case using cross-correlation of electromyographic recordings from homologous muscle pairs. We postulate that these unusual tremors originate from a single brainstem source or from bilateral oscillators closely linked at or below this level.