Expression is computed separately from facial identity, and it is computed separately for moving and static faces: Neuropsychological evidence
Humphreys GW., Donnelly N., Riddoch MJ.
We report data contrasting the processing of facial identity from static photographs, and facial expression from static and moving images, in two patients with face processing impairments. One patient is markedly impaired at perceiving facial identity and he is poor at discriminating facial expression and gender from static photographs of faces. In contrast, he performs normally when required to make judgements of facial expression and gender to faces depicted by sets of moving light dots. The second patient is relatively good at perceiving facial identity, but poor at judging emotional expression from both static and moving faces. The data are consistent with the existence of separate processes for encoding face identity and facial expression, and, furthermore, indicate the separate encoding of expression from moving and static images. © 1993.