RESPONSE OF CHOROIDAL ABNORMALITIES TO PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY VERSUS MICROPULSE LASER IN CHRONIC CENTRAL SEROUS CHORIORETINOPATHY: Place Trial Report No. 4.
van Rijssen TJ., Hahn LC., van Dijk EHC., Tsonaka R., Scholz P., Breukink MB., Blanco-Garavito R., Souied EH., Keunen JEE., MacLaren RE., Querques G., Fauser S., Downes SM., Hoyng CB., Boon CJF.
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of half-dose photodynamic therapy (PDT) and high-density subthreshold micropulse laser on choroidal dysfunction evaluated by degree and extent of hyperfluorescence on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. METHODS: Data from the multicenter, randomized, controlled PLACE trial were used in this study. Hyperfluorescent and hypofluorescent areas on ICGA, their association with subretinal fluid and visual function were assessed. RESULTS: In total, 146 patients were included (72 in the PDT and 74 in the high-density subthreshold micropulse laser treatment arm). A significantly greater decrease in the size of hyperfluorescent areas on ICGA at first visit after treatment was seen after PDT compared with high-density subthreshold micropulse laser (mean, -1.41 ± 2.40 mm2 vs. -0.04 ± 0.73 mm2, respectively; P < 0.001). A reduction in the degree of hyperfluorescence on ICGA decreased the odds of having persistent subretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography at first visit after treatment (B = 0.295; P = 0.019). There were no significant differences in best-corrected visual acuity and retinal sensitivity between the subgroup with novel hypofluorescence (n = 20, 28%) on ICGA at first visit post PDT, compared with the subgroup without novel hypofluorescence on ICGA after PDT. CONCLUSION: Choroidal abnormalities in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy can be effectively treated by ICGA-guided half-dose PDT but not with high-density subthreshold micropulse laser application.