The crystal structure of p13suc1, a p34cdc2-interacting cell cycle control protein.
Endicott JA., Noble ME., Garman EF., Brown N., Rasmussen B., Nurse P., Johnson LN.
p13suc1 binds to p34cdc2 kinase and is essential for cell cycle progression in eukaryotic cells. The crystal structure of S.pombe p13suc1 has been solved to 2.7 A resolution using data collected at the ESRF source, Grenoble, from both native crystals and crystals of a seleno-methionine derivative. The starting point for structure solution was the determination of the six selenium sites by direct methods. The structure is dominated by a four-stranded beta-sheet, with four further alpha-helical regions. p13suc1 crystallizes as a dimer in the asymmetric unit stabilized by the binding of two zinc ions. A third zinc site stabilizes the higher-order crystal packing. The sites are consistent with a requirement for zinc during crystal growth. A likely site for p13suc1-protein interaction is immediately evident on one face of the p13suc1 surface. This region comprises a group of conserved, exposed aromatic and hydrophobic residues below a flexible negatively charged loop. A conserved positively charged area would also present a notable surface feature in the monomer, but is buried at the dimer interface. p13suc1 is larger than its recently solved human homologue p9CKS2, with the extra polypeptide forming a helical N-terminal extension and a surface loop between alpha-helices 3 and 4. Notably, p13suc1 does not show the unusual beta-strand exchange that creates an intimate p9CKS2 dimer. p13suc1 cannot oligomerize to form a stable hexamer as has been proposed for p9CKS2.