Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels in pancreatic beta-cells comprise sulfonylurea receptor (SUR) 1 and inwardly-rectifying potassium channel (Kir) 6.2 subunits. We have evaluated the effect of intracellular taurine on K(ATP) channel activity in rat pancreatic beta-cells using the patch-clamp technique. The mechanism of taurine action was also examined using recombinant K(ATP) channels. The islets and single beta-cells from male Sprague-Dawley rats were collected by collagenase digestion technique. Single K(ATP) channel currents were recorded by the inside-out mode at a membrane potential of -60mV. Cytosolic free-Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) and insulin secretory capacity were measured by the dual-excitation fluorimetry and radioimmunoassay, respectively. The native beta-cell K(ATP) channel was directly inhibited by taurine in a dose-dependent manner. Taurine did not influence ATP-mediated inhibition or MgADP-induced activation of the channel activity. The sensitivity of the K(ATP) channel to glybenclamide, but not gliclazide, was enhanced by taurine. Glybenclamide elicited a greater increase in [Ca(2+)](c) and increased insulin secretion in the beta-cells when pretreated with taurine. Taurine did not inhibit Kir6.2DeltaC36 currents, a truncated form of Kir6.2, expressed in Xenopus oocytes without SUR. These results demonstrate that taurine inhibits the K(ATP) channel activity in the beta-cells, interacting with a benzamido-binding site on SUR1, but not Kir6.2.

Original publication




Journal article


Biochem Pharmacol

Publication Date





1089 - 1096


Adenosine Diphosphate, Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Binding Sites, Drug Interactions, Glyburide, Insulin, Islets of Langerhans, Male, Membrane Proteins, Potassium Channels, Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying, Protein Subunits, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Sulfonylurea Compounds, Taurine