Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Much evidence suggests that variation in expression of the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) transporter (5-HTT) is linked to risk of psychiatric illness, but the neurobiological basis of this association is uncertain. In this study, we investigated the impact of variation in 5-HTT expression on subsecond fluctuations in extracellular 5-HT concentrations ([5-HT](o) ). Stimulus-evoked [5-HT](o) was detected using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry at carbon-fibre microelectrodes in the substantia nigra in brain slices from 5-HTT knockout (KO) and 5-HTT over-expressing (OE) mice. Compared with wild-type (WT) controls, evoked [5-HT](o) was greater in KO and less in OE mice. In WT controls, evoked [5-HT](o) was frequency-sensitive; however, in both KO and OE mice, evoked [5-HT](o) showed a striking loss of frequency sensitivity. The latter was observed in WT mice after application of a 5-HTT blocker. These data show that while variation in 5-HTT expression modified the peak magnitude of [5-HT](o) evoked by any given stimulus in a gene dose dependent manner, there was a non-linear relationship between 5-HTT expression and frequency sensitivity. Overall, the findings suggest that variation in 5-HTT expression has a marked effect on frequency sensitivity which is a fundamental property of normal 5-HT transmission.

Original publication




Journal article


J Neurochem

Publication Date





965 - 973


Animals, Gene Expression Regulation, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Mice, Transgenic, Models, Genetic, Nonlinear Dynamics, Serotonin, Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins, Signal Transduction, Time Factors