Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Axonal release of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in the CNS is typically regulated by presynaptic 5-HT autoreceptors. Release of 5-HT in substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr), a principal output from the basal ganglia, has seemed an interesting exception to this rule. The SNr receives one of the highest densities of 5-HT innervation in mammalian brain and yet negative feedback regulation of axonal 5-HT release by endogenous 5-HT has not been identified here. We explored whether we could identify autoregulation of 5-HT release by 5-HT(1B) receptors in rat SNr slices using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry at carbon-fiber microelectrodes to detect 5-HT release evoked by discrete stimuli (50 Hz, 20 pulses) paired over short intervals (1-10 s) within which any autoreceptor control should occur. Evoked 5-HT release exhibited short-term depression after an initial stimulus that recovered by 10 s. Antagonists for 5-HT(1B) receptors, isamoltane (1 microM) or SB 224-289 (1 microM), did not modify release during a stimulus train, but rather, they modestly relieved depression of subsequent release evoked after a short delay (< or =2 s). Release was not modified by antagonists for GABA (picrotoxin, 100 microM, saclofen, 50 microM) or histamine-H(3) (thioperamide, 10 microM) receptors. These data indicate that 5-HT release can activate a 5-HT(1B)-receptor autoinhibition of subsequent release, which is mediated directly via 5-HT axons and not via GABAergic or histaminergic inputs. These data reveal that 5-HT release in SNr is not devoid of autoreceptor regulation by endogenous 5-HT, but rather is under modest control which only weakly limits 5-HT signaling.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





212 - 220


Animals, Electric Stimulation, Histamine, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1B, Serotonin, Substantia Nigra, gamma-Aminobutyric Acid