Motor Neuron Disease Register for England, Wales and Northern Ireland-an analysis of incidence in England.
Opie-Martin S., Ossher L., Bredin A., Kulka A., Pearce N., Talbot K., Al-Chalabi A.
INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has a reported incidence of 1-2/100,000 person-years. It is estimated that there are 5000 people with ALS in the UK at any one time; however, the true figure and geographical distribution, are unknown. In this study, we describe the establishment of a population register for England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and report-estimated incidence. Methods: People with a diagnosis of ALS given by a consultant neurologist and whose postcode of residence is within England, Wales, or Northern Ireland were eligible. The catchment area was based on six data contributors that had been participating since 2016. All centres included in this analysis were in England, and therefore Wales and Northern Ireland are not included in this report. Crude age- and sex-specific incidence rates were estimated using population census records for the relevant postcodes from Office of National Statistics census data. These rates were standardized to the UK population structure using direct standardization. Results: There were 232 people in the database with a date of diagnosis between 2017 and 2018, when missing data were imputed there were an estimated 287-301 people. The denominator population of the catchment area is 7,251,845 according to 2011 UK census data. Age- and sex-adjusted incidence for complete cases was 1.61/100,000 person-years (95% confidence interval 1.58, 1.63), and for imputed datasets was 2.072/100,000 person-years (95% CI 2.072, 2.073). Discussion: We found incidence in this previously unreported area of the UK to be similar to other published estimates. As the MND Register for England, Wales, and Northern Ireland grows we will update incidence estimates and report on further analyses.