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UNLABELLED: The outcome of hematopoietic cell transplantation for hematologic malignancies may be improved by delivering targeted radiation to hematopoietic organs while relatively sparing nontarget organs. We evaluated the biodistribution of 111In-labeled anti-CD45 antibody in humans using the rat IgG2a monoclonal antibody YAML568 that recognizes a common CD45 epitope present on all human leukocytes. METHODS: Eight patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation received YAML568 labeled with 122 +/- 16 MBq of 111In intravenously followed by serial blood sampling, urine collection, and conjugated view planar gamma-camera imaging up to 144 h after injection. Time-activity curves were obtained using region-of-interest analysis in the accumulating organs and residence times were calculated. An estimate for the radiation-absorbed doses for each organ per unit of administered activity of 90Y was calculated using software for internal dose assessment. The first patient received no unlabeled antibody preloading. The second 2 patients received a preloading dose of 10 mg (0.15 mg/kg). The last 5 patients received a preloading dose of 30-47 mg (0.5 mg/kg). RESULTS: No significant administration-related side effects were seen. The 3 patients receiving no antibody or low antibody preloading had an unfavorable biodistribution with a high initial accumulation of activity in the liver (37%) and the spleen (34%). For the patients receiving 0.5-mg/kg antibody preloading, the estimated radiation-absorbed doses for red bone marrow, spleen, liver, kidney, and total body were 6.4 +/- 1.2, 19 +/- 5, 3.9 +/- 1.4, 1.1 +/- 0.4, and 0.6 +/- 0.1 mGy/MBq, respectively, demonstrating preferential red marrow targeting. A linear regression model showed that the amount of unlabeled antibody preloading per body weight has a strong influence on the estimated red marrow absorbed dose (P = 0.003, R2 = 0.80). CONCLUSION: This study shows that the anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody YAML568 is suitable for delivering selectively radiation to hematopoietic tissues when labeled with 90Y provided that a preloading dose of about 0.5 mg/kg unlabeled antibody is given.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Nucl Med

Publication Date

08/2006

Volume

47

Pages

1335 - 1341

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antigens, CD45, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Female, Humans, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Male, Middle Aged, Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma, Radioimmunotherapy, Stem Cell Transplantation, Transplantation, Homologous