pH-dependent secondary structure propensity of the influenza A virus M2 cytoplasmic tail.
Claridge JK., Mohd-Kipli F., Florea A., Gate T., Schnell JR.
The cytoplasmic C-terminal tail of the matrix protein 2 (M2) from influenza A virus has a well conserved sequence and is involved in interactions with several host proteins as well as the influenza matrix protein 1 (M1). Whereas the transmembrane domain of M2 has been well characterised structurally and functionally, high resolution information about the distal cytoplasmic tail is lacking. Here we report the chemical shifts of the cytoplasmic tail of M2 and the chemical shift perturbations at low pH and in the presence of membrane mimetics. The cytoplasmic tail residues are mostly disordered but an extended backbone conformation is adopted by the LC3 binding motif and the putative M1 interaction site has partial helical content with a small pH-dependence. The chemical shift assignments provide a basis for further investigations into interactions of the M2 cytoplasmic tail with viral and host cell factors.