Silyl Radical-Mediated Activation of Sulfamoyl Chlorides Enables Direct Access to Aliphatic Sulfonamides from Alkenes.
Hell SM., Meyer CF., Laudadio G., Misale A., Willis MC., Noël T., Trabanco AA., Gouverneur V.
Single electron reduction is more challenging for sulfamoyl chlorides than sulfonyl chlorides. However, sulfamoyl and sulfonyl chlorides can be easily activated by Cl-atom abstraction by a silyl radical with similar rates. This latter mode of activation was therefore selected to access aliphatic sulfonamides, applying a single-step hydrosulfamoylation using inexpensive olefins, tris(trimethylsilyl)silane, and photocatalyst Eosin Y. This late-stage functionalization protocol generates molecules as complex as sulfonamide-containing cyclobutyl-spirooxindoles for direct use in medicinal chemistry.