Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatation has previously been attributed to the uncharged form of the molecule (NO(•)), but increasing evidence suggests that nitroxyl (HNO) may play a significant role in endothelium-dependent relaxation. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying HNO-mediated vasodilatation in phenylephrine pre-constricted pressurized (70 mmHg) mesenteric arteries, and on membrane currents in isolated smooth muscle cells using whole cell and perforated patch clamp recordings. Angeli's salt (AS: nitroxyl donor), evoked concentration-dependent vasodilatation that was insensitive to the NO(•) scavengers carboxy-PTIO and hydroxocobalamin (HXC), but sensitive to either the HNO scavenger L-cysteine, K-channel blockers (4-AP and iberiotoxin), raised [K(+)](o), or inhibition of soluble guanylyl cyclase (ODQ). AS-evoked smooth muscle hyperpolarization significantly augmented K(V) current in an ODQ sensitive manner, and also increased the BK(Ca) current. Importantly, 30 μM AS initiated conducted or spreading vasodilatation, and following blockade of endothelial K-channels (TRAM-34 and apamin), ACh was able to evoke similar L-cysteine-sensitive conducted dilatation. These data show that vasodilatation induced by HNO is mediated by both K(V) and BK(Ca) channels, and suggest a physiological role in vasodilatation through the vasculature.

Original publication




Journal article


Antioxid Redox Signal

Publication Date





1625 - 1635


Animals, Cells, Cultured, Cysteine, Electrophysiology, Guanylate Cyclase, Male, Membrane Potentials, Mesenteric Arteries, Myocytes, Smooth Muscle, Nitrites, Nitrogen Oxides, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Vasodilation