Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Covalent modifications to histones are key epigenetic marks that control gene transcription. Multiple lysine residues on histone H3 are methylated (me), but their functions are unclear. Here, we demonstrate two phases of combinatorial and dynamic H3 methylation during induction of transcription at MET16 in yeast. K4me3 with K36me2/3 define a postinitiation regulatory phase and precede the appearance of K4me2 with K79me2 at the onset of transcript elongation. The Isw1 ATPase delays the release of initiated RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) into elongation to facilitate chromatin modifications. The Spp1 subunit of complex associated with Set1 (COMPASS) and Set2, determining K4me3 and K36me2/3, respectively, are required for transient NuA4-dependent H4K8ac. This releases RNAPII from Isw1 control and promotes controlled transcription elongation and termination. We propose that newly initiated RNAPII is under epigenetic control.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.molcel.2005.05.009

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mol Cell

Publication Date

10/06/2005

Volume

18

Pages

723 - 734

Keywords

DNA, Fungal, Gene Expression Regulation, Histones, Kinetics, Lysine, Methylation, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Transcription, Genetic