Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The heme ligation in the isolated c domain of Paracoccus pantotrophus cytochrome cd(1) nitrite reductase has been characterized in both oxidation states in solution by NMR spectroscopy. In the reduced form, the heme ligands are His69-Met106, and the tertiary structure around the c heme is similar to that found in reduced crystals of intact cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductase. In the oxidized state, however, the structure of the isolated c domain is different from the structure seen in oxidized crystals of intact cytochrome cd1, where the c heme ligands are His69-His17. An equilibrium mixture of heme ligands is present in isolated oxidized c domain. Two-dimensional exchange NMR spectroscopy shows that the dominant species has His69-Met106 ligation, similar to reduced c domains. This form is in equilibrium with a high-spin form in which Met106 has left the heme iron. Melting studies show that the midpoint of unfolding of the isolated c domain is 320.9 +/- 1.2 K in the oxidized and 357.7 +/- 0.6 K in the reduced form. The thermally denatured forms are high-spin in both oxidation states. The results reveal how redox changes modulate conformational plasticity around the c heme and show the first key steps in the mechanism that lead to ligand switching in the holoenzyme. This process is not solely a function of the properties of the c domain. The role of the d1 heme in guiding His17 to the c heme in the oxidized holoenzyme is discussed.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M007345200

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

23/02/2001

Volume

276

Pages

5846 - 5855

Keywords

Cytochromes, Electron Transport Complex IV, Heme, Hemeproteins, Hot Temperature, Ligands, Models, Molecular, Nitrite Reductases, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular, Oxidation-Reduction, Paracoccus, Peptide Fragments, Protein Denaturation, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Protons, Solutions, Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization, Spectrophotometry