Molecular dynamics simulations of GlpF in a micelle vs in a bilayer: conformational dynamics of a membrane protein as a function of environment.
Patargias G., Bond PJ., Deol SS., Sansom MS.
Octyl glucoside (OG) is a detergent widely employed in structural and functional studies of membrane proteins. To better understand the nature of protein-OG interactions, molecular dynamics simulations (duration 10 ns) have been used to explore an alpha-helical membrane protein, GlpF, in OG micelles and in DMPC bilayers. Greater conformational drift of the extramembraneous protein loops, from the initial X-ray structure, is seen for the GlpF-OG simulations than for the GlpF-DMPC simulation. The mobility of the transmembrane alpha-helices is approximately 1.3x higher in the GlpF-OG than the GlpF-DMPC simulations. The detergent is seen to form an irregular torus around the protein. The presence of the protein leads to a small perturbation in the behavior of the alkyl chains in the OG micelle, namely an approximately 15% increase in the trans-gauche(-)-gauche(+) transition time. Aromatic side chains (Trp, Tyr) and basic side chains (Arg, Lys) play an important role in both protein-detergent (OG) and protein-lipid (DMPC) interactions.