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A 28-mer peptide (gammaM4) corresponding to the fourth transmembrane segment of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) gamma-subunit, with a single tryptophan residue (Trp6), was reconstituted into lipid bilayers of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), loaded with either high or low amounts of cholesterol, i.e., in the conjugated liquid-ordered and liquid-disordered phases, respectively, at room temperature. By making use of the Trp intrinsic fluorescence, both steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence techniques were employed, namely, red-edge excitation shift effect, decay-associated spectra (DAS), and time-resolved anisotropy. The results obtained here, together with previous studies on the same reconstituted peptide, indicate that: (i) Trp6 is strongly anchored in the bilayer with a defined transverse location; (ii) the modifications in the measured DAS are related to the complex result of a self-quenching process on the decay parameters; (iii) the wobbling movement of the indole moiety of Trp6 is fast but severely restricted in amplitude; and, (iv) in the liquid-ordered phase, the bilayer properties and the tilt angle of the peptide enhance peptide-peptide interactions, with the formation of peptide rich patches and possibly some anti-parallel helix-helix aggregates, showing different dynamics from that of the peptide in the liquid-disordered phase where the peptide is randomly distributed.

Original publication

DOI

10.1080/09687860600703613

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mol Membr Biol

Publication Date

07/2006

Volume

23

Pages

305 - 315

Keywords

Animals, Fluorescence Polarization, Humans, Lipid Bilayers, Peptides, Phosphatidylcholines, Protein Conformation, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Receptors, Nicotinic, Tryptophan