Twinned or not twinned, that is the question: crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of the 2F1(3)F1 module pair of human fibronectin.
Rudiño-Piñera E., Schwarz-Linek U., Potts JR., Garman EF.
Human fibronectin (Fn) is a large multidomain protein found in the extracellular matrix and plasma. It is involved in many cellular processes, including cell adhesion and migration during embryogenesis and wound healing. The ability to bind Fn is a characteristic that has been demonstrated for a number of pathogens. For Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes in particular, Fn-binding bacterial proteins (FnBPs) have been shown to mediate not only bacterial adhesion to host cells but also the uptake of bacteria by the cells. FnBPs interact with the amino-terminal region of Fn, where five type I ((1-5)F1) Fn modules are located. Although the structures of two F1 module pairs have been determined by NMR, no X-ray structures have been reported. To explore the conformational interactions between modules and the binding properties of FnBPs, the (2)F1(3)F1 module pair was crystallized using the vapour-diffusion method at 298 K. 12 X-ray diffraction data sets have been collected: six on an in-house rotating anode (three native, one Pt derivative and two peptide-bound) and six at synchrotron-radiation sources (two native and four derivative). Following analysis of these data, some of which have very high multiplicity (up to 50), probable space-group assignments were made (P42(1)2, P4(1)2(1)2 or P4(3)2(1)2) and the possibly twinned nature of the crystals was investigated using six different tests. The results presented here suggest that the crystals are not twinned.