Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Mia40-dependent disulphide bond exchange is used by animals, yeast, and probably plants for import of small, cysteine-rich proteins into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS). During import, electrons are transferred from the imported substrate to Mia40 then, via the sulphydryl oxidase Erv1, into the respiratory chain. Curiously, however, there are protozoa which contain substrates for Mia40-dependent import, but lack Mia40. There are also organisms where Erv1 is present in the absence of respiratory chain components. In accommodating these and other relevant observations pertaining to mitochondrial cell biology, we hypothesise that the ancestral IMS import pathway for disulphide-bonded proteins required only Erv1 (but not Mia40) and identify parasites in which O(2) is the likely physiological oxidant for Erv1.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





2817 - 2825


Amino Acid Sequence, Anaerobiosis, Animals, Cysteine, Cytochrome Reductases, Cytochromes c, Disulfides, Electron Transport, Evolution, Molecular, Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins, Mitochondrial Membranes, Molecular Sequence Data, Oxidation-Reduction, Oxygen, Phylogeny, Protein Transport, Protozoan Proteins, Trypanosoma